barrier methods

barrier methods


Information about different methods of contraception

Note: The information listed below does not replace individual advice by your gynecologist.

Condom

How it works
Prevention of vaginal ejaculation.
Advantages
Protection against infections. Inexpensive contraceptive method.
Side effects
Restricted spontaneous sexuality and possibly limited sexual experience.
Effectiveness
Medium effectiveness with a Pearl-Index of 2.0 - 12.0

Diaphragm

How it works
Silicone ring, which closes the rear vaginal vault. Used by the woman before  sexual intercourse using a spermicide for at least 10 minutes to a maximum of 2 hours before the sexual intercourse. Prevents sperm from entering the cervix.
Advantages
Protection against rising germs, but not against HIV.
Side effects
Adjustment by the gynecologist and practice of insertion required. Other disadvantages analogous to condoms.
Effectiveness
Low to medium security with a Pearl-Index of 1.0 - 20.0 (in combination with spermicides)

Spermicide

How it works
Chemicals that are inserted into the vagina in the form of foam, gel, suppositories or creams and that immobilize and kill sperm.
Advantages
Easy handling, application possible at any time between 10 and 60 minutes before traffic.
Side effects
Effective only after 10 minutes, warmth in the vagina possible. In some cases, allergic reactions and increased discharge can occur.
Effectiveness
Low to medium security with a Pearl-Index of 3.0 – 21.0

Source: Janni, Rack, Friese: Facharzt Gynäkologie, 1. ed. (2008), Urban & Fischer.

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